|Uttarakhand plans genetic enhancement of its indigenous Badri cow|
To improve the productiveness of its indigenous petite Badri cow, that grazes on the medicinal herbs of the Himalayas, Uttarakhand is now planning for its genetic enhancement.
At the latest chintan shivir (brainstorming session) of Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami with Uttarakhand’s bureaucrats, the officers of the animal husbandry division of the hill State proposed to make use of sex-sorted semen expertise to enhance manufacturing of Badri cattle. They additionally proposed to go for the embryo switch technique with a view to produce extra cattle of excessive genetic inventory.
Apart from Badri ghee, which is accessible on the price of ₹3,000 to ₹5,000 per kg, the State can also be wanting on the advertising potential of gaumutra ark (distilled cow urine), cow dung, and Panchgavya (the 5 merchandise of the cow, together with milk, curd, ghee, dung and urine).
New reproductive applied sciences
Talking concerning the plan, B.V.R.C. Purushottam, secretary of the division, instructed The Hindu that the Badri cow is the primary registered cattle breed of Uttarakhand which has been licensed by the National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR).
“The difficulty with this number of cattle is that its milk manufacturing capability is kind of much less because it offers one to a few litres of milk per day. To make the farmers of Uttarakhand breed Badri and to not shift to different excessive milk-producing various breeds like Jersey cows, we now have determined to go for Multiple Ovulation Embryo Transfer (MOET), a traditional embryo flush, which is the commonest process utilized in superior cattle breeding,” added Mr. Purushottam.
The official additionally mentioned that ovum pickup in vitro fertilisation (IVF) is the opposite expertise that will likely be used to extend the yield per animal. The proposal to introduce Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) for the challenge, to generate employment and entrepreneurship by means of native Badri cattle productiveness enhancement, will value ₹50 crore.
As proposed within the chintan shivir that was held in Mussoorie within the final week of November, the State goals to realize its targets within the subsequent 10 years. The shivir (session) aimed to arrange a highway map for Uttarakhand because it nears 25 years of its formation.
As the plan consists of rising the productiveness of the native cattle breed by use of sex-sorted semen to curtail unproductive male inhabitants and the manufacturing of elite Badri bulls for semen manufacturing by means of the embryo switch expertise, the State had arrange a nucleus breeding bull mom farm of Badri cattle on the Nariyal village in Champawat district.
At current, Uttarakhand has round seven lakh Badri cows, amongst that are 4.79 lakh feminine cattle.
The Badri breed derived its identify from the holy shrine of Char Dham at Badrinath. Possessing a balanced gait for the hills, this cattle breed is small in measurement with lengthy legs and diversified physique colors – black, brown, purple, white or gray. This breed is relatively extra immune to ailments, principally on account of its consuming habits.
Grazes on medicinal herbs
Officials say that the USP of the Badri cow’s produce is her indigenousness and her surroundings (within the Himalayas), as she eats medicinal herbs and is way away from poisonous air pollution, polythene and different dangerous issues that cows within the plains are topic to.
“As the Badri cow grazes solely on herbs and shrubs accessible within the mountains, its milk has wealthy medicinal content material and excessive natural worth. The identical is the USP of its produce for which its ghee is kind of costly. Its urine has a excessive worth on account of its feeding and habitat. The lactation milk yield ranges from 547 to 657 kg, with a mean milk fats content material of 4%,” mentioned R.S. Negi, CEO of the Uttarakhand Livestock Development Board (ULDB).
Mr. Negi additional mentioned that Badri cow merchandise are being bought on-line by Hetha Organics and Badri Ghee is bought by the Uttarakhand Cooperative Dairy Federation below their model identify ‘Anchal’.
“We promote Badri Gau Mutra Ark (Cow urine distillate) to Hetha Organics at ₹28 per litre and undistilled Gaumutra at ₹5 per litre. We additionally promote contemporary Badri cow dung to a few entrepreneurs at ₹1 per kg from which they make merchandise and promote on their retail in addition to on-line platforms,” he added.
Aseem Rawat, the founding father of Hetha Organics, mentioned that they’re engaged on promoting and manufacturing indigenous cow merchandise for the previous eight years now.
“We have an indigenous cow herd of over 1000 cows and bulls from the Gir, Sahiwal, Tharparkar and Himalayan Badri breed. When Hetha began eight years in the past, promoting indigenous cow milk was very tough. The consciousness concerning the well being advantages of Panchgavya merchandise from indigenous cows is rising with each passing day,” he mentioned, including that the platform has seen a gradual progress price of 5% year-on-year, particularly of cow urine and dung because the individuals who make ayurvedic drugs purchase it from them.